The dental orthodontics is defined as the branch of dentistry that deals with correction of teeth and jaws that are not properly positioned. Crooked teeth and those teeth that don’t fit together correctly can be hard to clean and also at a higher risk of decay and periodontal disease. In addition, crooked and teeth that are not positioned properly can detract one’s appearance.
Orthodontic treatment can help a person with crooked or teeth that are not positioned properly have a pleasing appearance, a healthier mouth, and attractive teeth. A medical professional who specializes in orthodontic treatment is known as an orthodontist.
When is orthodontic treatment necessary?
It is only an orthodontist or dentist who can decide whether a person needs orthodontics as they know how to check for any problems using diagnostic tools. Some of the tools that help identify any dental problems include a clinical exam, a full medical and dental health history, x-rays and models of the teeth.
Those with any of the following should consider orthodontic treatment:
-Underbite- Is when lower teeth are far forward or the upper teeth lie back than normal
-Overbite- This is then the upper front teeth are far forward over the lower teeth
-Open bite- This is when there is a space between the biting surface of the front and/or side teeth when the back teeth back together
-Crossbite- The upper teeth don’t slightly come down in front of the lower teeth when biting together normally
-Crowding- This is when the dental ridge has too many teeth to accommodate
-Spacing- Spaces or gaps between the teeth that don’t fill up the mouth
-Misplaced midline- When the center of the upper front teeth doesn’t line up with the center of the front teeth